Card draw

From Hearthstone Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
For the game conclusion where neither player wins, see Draw

Card draw is a term used to refer the process or mechanic of taking cards from the top of the deck and adding them to the hand.

A card draw effect is an effect which causes the player to draw one or more cards directly from their deck. Cards with card draw effects are sometimes called "cantrips", after similar effects in other games.

Card draw effects are distinguished from generate effects, which place new cards into your hand without removing them from your deck; and from put into hand and put into battlefield effects, which place cards of a specific type into the hand or the battlefield directly from the player's deck, rather than simply drawing the next card in the deck.

Notes[edit | edit source]

The following terms are used in this wiki to carry different meanings related to card drawing:

  • Draw-related cards - These cards have special effects which trigger based on the drawing of other cards.
  • On-draw effect cards - These cards trigger their effect as soon as they are drawn.
    • Casts When Drawn - This ability appears on spell cards. When the spell card is drawn, it is cast without using any mana. Another card is then drawn.

Details[edit | edit source]

Drawing a card places the top card of the player's deck into the player's hand. Since a player's hand can only hold 10 cards at a time (with the exception of the effect of  Valdris Felgorge), attempting to draw cards with a full hand will result in overdraw (see below), which is not considered card draw for game purposes.

Once the player's deck has been exhausted, attempting to draw a card with an empty deck will cause fatigue damage to the player, with the amount increasing each time a draw is attempted.

All decks have a predefined order on the server.[1] If the deck is reordered, such as with  Sightless Watcher,  Lorekeeper Polkelt, or shuffle effects, card drawing still draws from the top of the deck.

Hero death is not checked in-between draws, but only after the draw phase has completed.

  • For example, if the player is at 4 health and draws a  Bomb dealing 5 damage and then a  Soul Fragment restoring 2 health, the player will not lose during the draw phase but will be alive at 1 health at the end of the draw phase.
  • For example, if the player is at 1 health and draws 45 fatigue cards, they will not die until the last fatigue card is drawn.

Overdraw[edit | edit source]

Main article: Mill

Attempting to draw a card when you already have the maximum number in your hand (usually 10) will result in the drawn card being removed from play, something referred to as "overdraw". Overdrawn cards are revealed to both players, before the card is visually destroyed.

Overdrawing is similar to discarding, but does not count as a discard for game purposes. While discard effects remove cards from the hand, overdraw removes the card directly from the deck. Overdraw also does not count as card draw for game purposes, since the game never attempts to draw the card into the hand, but rather destroys it since there is no room.

Overdrawing is also referred to as milling.

Types[edit | edit source]

Most cards are drawn automatically without the use of specific effects: Each turn, the current player draws a random card from their deck. This occurs at the start of each round, before the player is able to take any actions, but after effects that state "at the start of your turn". The initial hand and mulligan at the start of the game also draws 3-4 randomly selected cards, although this takes place before regular game mechanics become active and do not trigger effects related to card drawing.

Certain spells cause the caster to draw one or more cards when they are cast. Some minions also have card draw effects as part of their card text, and vary in activation method. Many have a one-time Battlecry or Deathrattle that activates the card draw, but some that use triggered effects can be used repeatedly to draw numerous cards.

Card draw effects draw from the top of the randomly ordered deck, unlike "put into battlefield" or "put into hand" effects, resulting in an even chance of getting any card remaining in the deck. However, it is possible to gain more control over drawing using  Tracking, which gives the player a choice among the top three random draws.

Strategy[edit | edit source]

Card advantage is a very important part of card games. Having more cards means having more options, and increases the likelihood of having the card you need. While card value and strategy form a part of this, using cards with card draw can also help you to maintain a good range of options each turn, and even attain a card advantage over your opponent.

An example of the value of card draw effects would be the  Loot Hoarder, who draws the controlling player a card when he is destroyed. If the player uses their Loot Hoarder to attack their opponent's  Knife Juggler, both minions will be destroyed. However, because Loot Hoarder's death draws a new card for its owner, the exchange can be considered to be favourable.

It is very important in gameplay to make profitable trades, such as using a  Patient Assassin to attack a  Molten Giant, destroying both minions. However, in some situations it will be necessary to sacrifice multiple minions to destroy a single enemy, such as using  Murloc Raider to break  Sunwalker's Divine Shield, before then attacking with Patient Assassin. Having good card draw can make this more viable, with a larger supply of cards to use.

The benefit of card draw has its limits, however, in the form of fatigue. Once a player has exhausted their deck, fatigue deals increasing damage to them each time they try to draw another card. Using too much card draw in a deck can lead to reaching this point prematurely, inadvertently leading to the player's demise.

Another limit to card draw is the player's hand size. Each player can only have a total of 10 cards in their hand at any time (with the exception of the effect of  Valdris Felgorge). If you attempt to draw a new card when your hand is full, that card will be destroyed. Cards destroyed in this way will be revealed face up to both players before being incinerated. This can therefore potentially grant additional strategic value by informing you of your opponent's deck style, or showing that they have lost a critical and possibly unique card, knowledge which can be very useful in anticipating what your opponent may or may not be capable of.

Both of these mechanics can be exploited to the other player's benefit. For example, forcing your opponent to draw cards when their hand is full will cause them to waste valuable cards. Even more powerfully, forcing your opponent to draw cards when they have exhausted their deck will cause them to suffer increasing fatigue damage. In such circumstances cards like  Northshire Cleric can actually become the direct cause of the controlling player's defeat.

Forcing card draw and controlling the player's ability to empty their hand are key components in milling, a technique that attempts to hasten the opponent's progress toward fatigue damage, and/or cause them to overdraw, destroying and revealing cards. This is usually achieved through using card draw effects such as  Naturalize and  Coldlight Oracle to cause the opponent to draw a significant amount of additional cards. Unlike with Northshire Cleric, milling generally does not rely on the opponent's cards to initiate card draw, but aggressively pursues the goal through its own means.

Forced overdraw can be an effective way of causing the opponent to reveal cards, which can illustrate their deck type or general strategy. Destroying key cards such as  Grommash Hellscream or a second  Ice Block can serve to inform the player that their opponent no longer has a chance to draw these cards, providing substantial strategic advantage. However, since card draw is randomised, unless the game reaches fatigue, overdraw will not actually affect which cards the player draws.

Some cards interact with the number of cards in the player's hand, and can offer advantages for having either a full or an empty hand.  Mountain Giant and  Twilight Drake are cards which reward having a large hand, and players with these cards will often try to make their hand as full as possible before playing them. Cards with discard effects such as  Soulfire and  Doomguard offer a powerful incentive to empty the hand before playing them, or at least to play any valuable cards first.

The warlock has a particularly interesting relationship with card draw, due to their hero power  Life Tap as well as the card  Valdris Felgorge. Warlocks can use Life Tap to quickly fill their hand, doubling the usual rate of card draw each turn. This can be useful for quickly growing a full hand for use with cards like  Twilight Drake, or to refill the hand after emptying it with cheap minion cards or discard effects like  Doomguard. Warlocks trying to play around discard effects may deliberately empty their hand before then refilling using Life Tap, or even Life Tap before discarding in order to reduce the likelihood of losing specific cards in their hand.

Cards[edit | edit source]

For Wild format listings, see Card draw/Wild format.

Collectible[edit | edit source]

Swipe left or right to see the cards.
CORE CS3 014.png
CORE BT 480.png
TTN 922.png
UPCOMING 105539.png
CORE EX1 302.png
CORE EX1 391.png
CORE AT 053.png
CORE EX1 012.png
CORE BT 035.png
DEEP 030.png
CORE EX1 129.png
CORE TRL 307.png
TTN 744.png
WW 391.png
CORE BT 292.png
TOY 645.png
CORE EX1 096.png
DEEP 008.png
MIS 916.png
DEEP 014.png
CORE BRM 013.png
ETC 372.png
DEEP 034.png
CORE EX1 606.png
CORE BT 491.png
TTN 469.png
TOY 505.png
CORE RLK 051.png
CORE EX1 154.png
CORE RLK 121.png
CORE EX1 007.png
CORE CS2 023.png
RLK 708.png
CORE CS2 053.png
TTN 830.png
TTN 930.png
WW 441.png
CORE CS2 094.png
WW 399.png
CORE TRL 339.png
YOG 518.png
ETC 075.png
MIS 301.png
YOG 401.png
CORE BOT 103.png
TTN 835.png
TTN 865.png
TTN 907.png
UPCOMING 105142.png
WW 398.png
ETC 405.png
JAM 035.png
ETC 324.png
TOY 312.png
RLK 709.png
TTN 711.png
ETC 384.png
TTN 475.png
JAM 036.png
TOY 371.png
ETC 071.png
TTN 085.png
TOY 891.png
TTN 092.png
TTN 721.png
CORE NEW1 008.png
ETC 541.png
UPCOMING 100935.png
TTN 903.png


Swipe left or right to see the cards.
TTN 002t15.png
TTN 721t1.png
TTN 002t5.png
TTN 092t1.png
UPCOMING 106677.png
UPCOMING 106676.png
UPCOMING 106678.png
TTN 903t.png
CS2 013t.png
TOY 312t.png
UPCOMING 98739.png
TOY 645t1.png
HERO 07bp.png
EX1 154b.png
TOY 645t.png
HERO 07bp2.png
TTN 930t.png
RLK 570tt1.png
ETC 085t7.png
VAC 702t2.png
TTN 865t.png
VAC 702t3.png
LOOT 026e.png
JAM 018t.png
EX1 164b.png
NEW1 008a.png

Related cards

For Wild format listings, see Card draw/Wild format.

These cards have a specific interaction with the drawing of any card.

Swipe left or right to see the cards.
TOY 510.png
TTN 840.png
WW 383.png
TOY 352.png
TTN 844.png
WW 422.png
TTN 731.png
TTN 843.png
TTN 850.png
YOG 402.png
MIS 026.png
TTN 715.png
TTN 842.png
JAM 036.png
TTN 841.png
TOY 519.png
TOY 530.png

Casts When Drawn[edit | edit source]

Main article: Casts When Drawn

Casts When Drawn are card effects which activate when that card is drawn from the deck. For the list of cards, notes, and other information, see Casts When Drawn.

Trivia[edit | edit source]

  • Card draw effects have traditionally "been a little bit dangerous" for the designers, particularly due to the possibility of achieving too much consistency in the cards drawn.[2] This can allow players to count on drawing most cards at some point during each match, making powerful but otherwise hard to achieve set piece combos predictable and reliable. Aside from the overall power of card draw, the developers also try to restrict its availability due to the potential for too much card draw to make every game feel "sort of the same".[2][3] This is because increased card draw allows players to draw more of their deck each game, removing much of the variation normally seen between matches.[2] For these reasons, the designers restrict the number of card draw effects available, especially in Standard format.[3]

References[edit | edit source]